考前知识点精讲 SSAT阅读技巧之长难句分析示例
2017-05-05     13:22 来源: 来自互联网
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摘要:在 SSAT阅读中会出现一些长难句以及一些抽象的句子,如何读懂呢?一般来说先找主干,读大意即可。为大家带来一些常见SSAT阅读长难句类型,希望对大家有所帮助。
考前知识点精讲 SSAT阅读技巧之长难句分析示例
1.Many anthropologists see this as proof of the Bering Strait migration theory, which holds that between 11000 and 6000 years ago, ancestors of Native America across a land bridge that had joined the two continents.
(定语从句阻隔)
2.Noting that tribal legends locate Apache origins squarely in the American Southwest, he offers an alternative explanation of the newfound genetic link.
(现在分词短语做伴随状语)
3. Stanford University linguist Merritt Ruhlen has discovered striking similarities between ket, a nearly extinct language spoken in central Siberia, and various languages of the Athabaskan group, traditionally spoken by Native Americans living along the western edge of North America, including the Apache in he southwestern United States.
同位语从句,过去分词短语做伴随状语
4. In the first quarter of the twentieth century, some women scientists who engaged in research worked at the most prestigious institutes of the period and enjoyed more career mobility than women researchers would experience again for several decades.
长定语从句阻隔
5. Sabin, an anatomist at the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research noted for her research on the lymphatic system, is one important example .
同位语从句加过去分词阻隔
6. To have maintained an active role in research institutions, women would have had to share some of the decision-making power: they needed to be part of hiring, promotion, and funding decisions.
表目的的不定式提前,冒号句
7. As a result, they found it almost impossible to provide opportunities for a younger set of female colleagues seeking employment in a research setting, to foster their productivity and facilitate their productivity and facilitate their career mobility, and eventually to allow them access to the top ranks.
it is impossible to do sth, and to do sth, and to do sth…..的三个并列成分
8. Even those with very high professional aspirations accepted subordinate status as assistants if doing so seemed necessary to gain access to research positions and too often these were the only positions offered them in their chosen careers.
if后面的句子很复杂,分析一下
9. Thus they could easily become highly visible targets for elimination from the staff, especially if their behavior was judged in the least imprudent.
10. Women’s awareness that they were unequal colleagues, included in professional settings only on the sufferance of male colleagues, who held the positions of power, conflicted with their belief in meritocracy.
定语从句,过去分词阻隔

SSAT阅读难点解析 教你更有针对性地备考

SSAT考试中阅读部分是考生经常失分的一部分,因此我们应该分析一下原因,考生也能够以此来调整自己的备考计划,因此下面小编为大家介绍的就是SSAT阅读难点解析,希望对大家有帮助。

一. 难以应对阅读广泛的体裁
SSAT阅读考试一般包括的体裁有:
文学小说
人文(传记,艺术,诗歌)
科学(人类学,天文学,医学)
社会研究(历史,社会学,经济)
这些文章类型不同于中国考生平常接触比较多的议论文和说明文体。SSAT阅读作为一种考核学生人文知识背景和快递理解能力的考试,在散文,小说和诗歌等主观性阅读文章的比例占据较重。学生不仅仅要记忆英语基础的句子和词汇含义,而应当将其文章作为基础文学的入门训练,这对鲜少接触西方文学体裁的中学生来说是一大难点。

二. 阅读背景知识欠缺
与美国本地考生相比,中国考生在阅读背景知识方面也是相对较弱的,这与我们有限的美国文化学习是分不开的,尤其是初中阶段,接触的更是有限。
SSAT阅读文章蕴含美国历史和文化,文学知识,学生倘若缺乏对于文化背景基本了解,同时甚少了解美式思维和写作模式,在答题过程中就显得被动。

三. 基本的语法词汇掌握不牢
阅读文章的长度和句子结构的难点难以适应。SSAT文章句子结构和涉及的语法点基本都超出一般中学生需要掌握的学习难度,因此长句分析是每个学生需要掌握的技能。
而很多考生在初中阶段,所学的语法知识也都是相对较简单的,再加上应用的并不熟练,由此造成了文章看不懂的局面。

四. 语言差异造成理解障碍
由于中西方文化差异和中英文两种语言的差异,英语国家文章的结构和中文文章结构上会产生差异。学生倘若习惯中国文学的写作方法和行文,不了解美式阅读思维,快速了解英语文章的结构,就难以对文章大意和中心形成准确了解。

五. 不熟悉SSAT题型规律
考生尤其是在刚开始接触SSAT阅读的时候,一定会对其中的题型不熟悉,自然做起来不那么得心应手,也导致找不准答题策略。
这里考生需要注意的是每一种考试都有特定的题型设置策略和出题思路规律,一些学生英语基础比较好,同时也有一定文学功底,但由于没有进行针对性的题型训练,一种与出题规律不符合的做题思维方式就可能导致一类题型频频出错。因此考生在备考的过程中可以先摸清阅读考试的题型以及各种题型的答题技巧,然后在做题的过程中学会灵活应用。

希望考生通过上述的内容,能够了解中国考生在阅读方面频频失利的主要原因,以此有针对的制定好自己的备考计划,最后希望考生都能够考试顺利,取得理想的成绩。

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